Emmanuel MONNEAU, "Economics Degrees in the French University Space: Heteronomy and Professionalization of Curricula 1970-2009", Historical Social Research / Historische Sozialforschung (HSR), Special Issue “Economists, Politics, and Society. New insights from mapping economic practices using field-analysis”, vol.43, n°3, 2018, 63-93
This article analyses the degree-granting economics programs offered in French universities in the period 1970-2009 from a disciplinary socio-historical approach. Archival data was compiled into a database used to map the space of these universities with the help of geometric data analysis (principal component analysis and ascending hierarchical clustering). Interpretation of the resulting space reveals a utilitarian shift in university curricula to the detriment of research, as well as a trend towards modelling studying programs on templates of professional schools. Economics instruction has become increasingly heteronomic, critical economics has been marginalized and professionalized programs are today perceived as the ‘gold standard’ of teaching.