GEMASS

Groupe d’Etude des Méthodes de l’Analyse Sociologique de la Sorbonne

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Séminaire d’analyse des Structures et des Processus Sociaux (SPS) 2018-2019

Descriptif

Le séminaire d’analyse des Structures et des Processus Sociaux (SPS) prend acte de débats qui animent la littérature scientifique internationale et transforment en profondeur la sociologie contemporaine. Il met plus particulièrement l’accent sur la « stratégie de recherche » (research design), ce rapport entre la formulation des théories, la collecte des données et les méthodes. Plusieurs constats motivent cette réflexion. Les interactions renforcées entre les sciences sociales et diverses disciplines dessinent de nouvelles perspectives conceptuelles pour analyser la société. Informatique, linguistique, statistique, biologie sont régulièrement convoquées, en plus des autres disciplines des sciences sociales. De même, l’adoption de nouvelles méthodes, de l’intelligence artificielle aux simulations en passant par la fouille de corpus interrogent la pratique de la recherche et permettent de nouvelles interactions entre approches quantitatives et qualitatives. À la lumière des connaissances classiques, le séminaire SPS se donne ainsi pour objectif de discuter, sans a priori thématique ou disciplinaire, les travaux qui interrogent ces aspects et permettent ainsi d’approfondir notre compréhension du monde social.

Programme

16.11.2018 Ken-Hou Lin (UT Austin)
Immigration and Wage Distribution in the United States.

This article examines the potential impact of immigration on the wage distribution in the United States. Departing from the focus on how the average wages of different groups respond to immigration, we examine how immigrants shape overall wage distribution. While there is some evidence indicating that an increased presence of low-skilled immigrants is associated with wage losses at the lower end of native wage distribution, a similar competition is neither observed between high-skilled immigrants and natives at the upper end nor within high-skilled occupations. Instead, the presence of foreign-born workers, whether high- or low-skilled, is associated with substantial gains for natives in the upper half of the distribution, particularly those at the very top. Consequently, increased immigration is associated with rising wage inequality.

14.12.2018 Henning Hillman (Mannheim)
Quantitative Analysis of Qualitative Data : The Case of Historical Networks.

Evidence on social networks from historical sources may offer insights that are rarely gained from other data sources, including a deeper understanding of longterm developments and causal sequences of economic and political behavior. Yet, once we move from mere anecdotes toward systematic quantitative analysis, historical networks confront us with challenges of their own : such as issues related to selected samples, missing cases, or the lack of adequate comparison cases. Here I consider solutions to some of these challenges, drawing on an ongoing book project on the development of the local merchant elite of Saint-Malo over the course of the long 1681-1792 period. Evidence comes primarily from affiliation networks that embedded some 6,298 individual merchants within 3,250 venture partnerships that I collected and coded from archival records.

18.01.2019 Stefania Vicari (Leicester)
Social Media and Health Issue Publics : A Case Study of BRCA Knowledge Production on Twitter.

Several studies have focused on “digital storytelling” as a key factor to learn and share knowledge about health on social media. But is storytelling the only element used by lay actors to discuss about health on these platforms ? In social media interactions does lay, experiential knowledge mix or clash with authoritative and possibly other forms of knowledge ? To tackle these questions, this study takes two specific steps. First, it addresses the health networked communities described in previous research as “heath issue publics” because their action - challenging traditional structures of power in the management of health knowledge - is politically relevant and draws upon three elements fundamental to issue publics : personal experience, group identification and life values. Second, it draws attention to the content, type and sources of the knowledge produced and shared on mainstream social media. By applying a digital methods approach, the study specifically investigates Twitter discursive work produced in a 30-day time frame by the health issue public focused on the BRCA gene mutation, a hereditary cancer condition. Preliminary results show that knowledge produced on Twitter by the BRCA issue public combines storytelling with scientific information, drawing upon both personal and academic sources, with patient advocates playing a key role in providing up-to-date and specialist information related to clinical research and scientific innovation. These findings show high potential for future work on the role of social media platforms in enhancing the impact of expert and engaged patients on health public debate, community building and lay-professional collaborations.

15.02.2019 Haley McAvay (INED)
The Symbolic Dimension of Citizenship Categories : Evidence from French Longitudinal Data.
(en collaboration avec Louise Caron et Mirna Safi)

In France, the census measures citizenship in three categories : French by birth (français de naissance), naturalized French (français par acquisition) and Foreigner (étranger). These categories convey an official administrative and legal usage which is supposed to be objective and neutral. Yet, they are also infused with symbolic connotations, namely when they are self-declared by respondents. Using French longitudinal data (L’échantillon démographique permanent, 1975-2008), this paper aims at exploring the mechanisms underpinning citizenship declarations by focusing on individual changes in self-classification over time. While transitions between “foreigner” and “naturalized French” are consistent with immigrants acquiring French nationality, we focus on an anomalous type of change that hardly corresponds to a real change in legal status : transitioning from non-native (foreign or naturalized) to native (French by birth) status over time, or what we call national reclassification. We analyze how this change is driven by assimilation, socioeconomic and ethnoracial variables. The findings show that net of other factors, switching to French-by-birth status tends to be stronger among respondents who are born in France, naturalized and married to French citizens, as well as among most non-European origins. Lower education and employment status is also correlated with this change. Finally, the findings suggest causal effects of getting married to a French citizen and naturalizing over time on national reclassification in instrumental variable models.

15.03.2019 Diego Gambetta (Carlo Alberto, Turin)
The politics behind the veil.

19.04.2019 Jen Schradie (Sciences Po)
The Revolution That Wasn’t : How Digital Activism Favors Conservatives.

17.05.2019 Jens Beckert (MPI, Cologne)
Fictional Expectations and Capitalist Dynamics.

28.06.2019 Andrew Abbott (Chicago)
The Infinite Character of the Social Process : Theoretical Problems and Methodological Implications.

Université Paris-Sorbonne
Maison de la recherche
28 Rue Serpente
75006 Paris
15h-17h


Organisateurs

Ivan Ermakoff (EHESS-Cespra et Université du Wisconsin à Madison) <ivan.ermakoff@ehess.fr>
Gianluca Manzo (CNRS –GEMASS) <gianluca.manzo@cnrs.fr>
Etienne Ollion (CNRS –SAGE) <etienne.ollion@gmail.com>
Ivaylo Petev (CNRS –CREST) <ivaylo.petev@ensae.fr>
Paola Tubaro (CNRS –LRI) <paola.tubaro@lri.fr>

NB
Ce séminaire est rattaché à l’axe n°1 du GEMASS : Mécanismes sociaux et rationalité de l’acteur (responsable Gianluca Manzo)


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Groupe d’Études des Méthodes de l’Analyse Sociologique de la Sorbonne - GEMASS
Personnel CNRS - 59-61 rue Pouchet 75017 Paris- tél. +33 1 40 25 11 05 - email : gemass@cnrs.fr
Personnel Sorbonne - Maison de la Recherche - 28 rue Serpente - 75006 Paris - tél. +33 1 53 10 58 26


Dernière mise à jour le : vendredi 15 février 2019